Range of Information Resources

Information Resources:

There are number of information resources required and available in any academic library. What kind of information resources should be subscribed, Generally it depends upon the nature of clientele for whom library has to establish. Here I have tried to present the table devised by Hanson and Grogan for a common list of Information resources suitable for any type of academic library, ranging from primary to college or research library. These information resources are classified as per their information characteristics.

Primary Information Resources are those which contains and provides first hand information in regard of any thing, event, organisation or any living being. In this sense, these documents can be known for providing new interpretation of any existing knowledge from universe of wisdom.

Secondary Information Resources act as guiding tool to get the first hand information resources, i.e. Primary Information Resources. Generally, these resources do not carry any original or primary type information, infect these are the compilation of varied information of different primary resources.

Tertiary Information Resources can be categorised list or index of Secondary Information Resources. The main function of these resources is to facilitate researchers to find out their relevant information in minimum time and in order to that they are fulfilling the fourth law of the library science which advocates to save the time of reader.

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

 

   1.Periodicals    1.        Bibliographies    1.Yearbooks
   2.Research and Technical

Reports

   3.Conference Proceedings    2.        Indexing and Abstracting Services    2.Directories
   4.Official Publications
   5.Patents    3.        Reviews, State of the art reports  Progress

Advances

Monographs

   3.Bibliography of Bibliographies
   6.Standards
   7.Trade Literature    4.        Reference Books

Encyclopedia

Handbooks

Tables

Formulation

   4.List of research in progress
   8.Theses and Dissertations    5.        Text Books    5.Guide to Information Sources and Organisations
   9.Laboratory Notebooks
10.Diaries
11.Internet Research Reports
12.Correspondences, Personal Files

Library Automation

Preamble

               1940 was the time when libraries have seen semi-mechanical applications in libraries and with this Library Automation process were initiated.   These applications were found in the form of edge-notched cards, optical coincidence, and peek-a-boo cards etc.  with this the library automation journey was started and punched cards, data processing units, first generation computers CD-Roms, Optical Disks and now with the information explosion use of Internet are few tools have been using by Information manages to ease out routing process in and around library.

 History

              1940 was the time when libraries have seen semi-mechanical applications in libraries and with this Library Automation process were initiated.   These applications were found in the form of edge-notched cards, optical coincidence, and peek-a-boo cards etc.  with this the library automation journey was started and punched cards, data processing units, first generation computers CD-Roms, Optical Disks and now with the information explosion use of Internet are few tools have been using by Information manages to ease out routing process in and around library.
          The term ‘Automation’ was coined initially by Dr. D.S. Harder in 1936. In the words of Dr. Harder, “Automation is the automatic handling of parts between progressive production processes in relation to engineering industries”. Actually, the origin of Automation word can be seen from the Greek word, ‘Automose’ which means anything carries the power of spontaneous motion or self-movement. 

        

book wheel

Book Wheel

 With the amalgamation of Information Technology in the library environment, slowly and gradually, library manual activities also replaced by computerised form. But if we see the history, way back in 1588, in France, there was a BOOK WHEEL available for library readers. With the help of a paddle of this instrument, readers turn their reading table. After passing of two and half centuries, in 1863, another model of Library Automation can be seen in the form of ‘Book Indicator’. In order to facilitate the circulation desk activities, this instrument was devised by Albert Cotgreave. With the help of miniature books, this instrument shows the status of books in the library, i.e. whether the book is on the shelf, issued or overdue.
 But these are not alone instances of Library Automation, there are countless more which are not recorded in books.
book indicator-page-001

Book Indicator

Library Automation history shown officially work started in somewhere in 1930 with the invention of Punched Card system. With the beginning of 1940s, computer system started to use for automation of various library operations. The library automation journey got major kick-start when some special libraries of USA started automation of library house-keeping activities. Furthermore with the availability of microcomputers in libraries in 1980s, the library automation process proceeded at the speed of rocket.